Lee is Distinguished Prof. and Director, Korea Advanced Inst. of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon. He obtained his PhD in 1991 at Northwestern University. He is hon. prof., Univ. of Queensland, and Chairman, Global Agenda Council on Biotechnology, World Economic Forum. His honours include: Natl. Order of Merit; Ho Am Prize; POSCO TJ Park Prize; Citation Classic Award; Elmer Gaden Award; Merck Metabolic Engg. Award; Marvin Johnson Award; Charles Thom Award; Amgen Biochemical Engineering Award. He is Fellow, AAAS; American Acad. of Microbiology; Soc. for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology; American Inst. of Chemical Engineers; American Inst. of Medical and Biological Engg.; Korean Acad. of Science and Technology; Natl. Acad. of Engg. of Korea; and For. Assoc., Natl. Acad. of Engg., USA. He is editor-in-chief of Biotechnology Journal, and editor of many internatl. journals. He was Chairman of the Global Agenda Council on Emerging Tech and also Biotech, World Economic Forum.