the world academy of sciences for the advancement of science in developing countries
The 67 S&T-lagging countries
TWAS has identified 67 developing countries for which capacity in science and technology is significantly lagging. The list includes the 48 Least Developed Countries identified by the United Nations, plus countries selected because of their low income levels and specific needs for support in building research capacity.

TWAS and its partner, the Organization for Women in Science for the Developing World (OWSD), set these as priority countries for support. From 2017, all OWSD PhD fellowships and many TWAS research grants are reserved for scientists in these countries.

In 2007, TWAS issued a list of 81 science- and technology-lagging countries. The new list reflects changes and advances in global development patterns.

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Angola
  3. Bangladesh
  4. Benin
  5. Bhutan
  6. Bolivia
  7. Burkina Faso
  8. Burundi
  9. Cambodia
  10. Cameroon
  11. Central African Repl
  12. Chad
  13. Comoros
  14. Congo
  15. Côte d’Ivoire
  16. Dem Rep. Congo
  17. Dem People’s Rep Korea
  1. Djibouti
  2. El Salvador
  3. Equatorial Guinea
  4. Eritrea
  5. Ethiopia
  6. Gambia
  7. Ghana
  8. Guatemala
  9. Guinea
  10. Guinea-Bissau
  11. Haiti
  12. Honduras
  13. Kenya
  14. Kiribati
  15. Lao People’s Dem Rep
  16. Lesotho
  17. Liberia
  1. Madagascar
  2. Malawi
  3. Mali
  4. Mauritania
  5. Mongolia
  6. Mozambique
  7. Myanmar
  8. Nepal
  9. Nicaragua
  10. Niger
  11. Paraguay
  12. Rwanda
  13. Sao Tome and Principe
  14. Senegal
  15. Sierra Leone
  16. Solomon Islands
  17. Somalia
  1. South Sudan
  2. Sri Lanka
  3. Sudan
  4. Swaziland
  5. Syrian Arab Republic
  6. Tajikistan
  7. Tanzania
  8. Timor-Leste
  9. Togo
  10. Tuvalu
  11. Uganda
  12. Vanuatu
  13. West Bank & Gaza Strip
  14. Yemen
  15. Zambia
  16. Zimbabwe

 

This website does not use profiling cookies, but only first and third party technical cookies, including cookies from social media plugins.
To learn more about our cookie policy or to change your cookie settings, click here.
By using this website and clicking “accept”, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with our cookie policy.
Accept