Wang is Vice President of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), and chair professor of physics and President Emeritus of Peking University, China. He was the Provost and Executive Vice President of Peking University, the director of the Institute of Physics, CAS and the Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics; and executive president of the Graduate University, CAS. He obtained his PhD in 1990 at Peking University. He has served in various international physics committees, professional advisory committees and editorial boards. His awards include: Humboldt Research Award; TWAS Prize in Physics; IBM Faculty Awards; Achievement in Asia Award; Tan Kah Kee Science Award; Outstanding Science and Technology Achievement Prize, CAS; and Distinguished Young Research Awards, Hong Kong. His membership includes: CAS, American Physics Society, and UK Institute of Physics.