African countries lagging in science and technology
TWAS identified 47 African countries that are lagging in science and technology.
  1. Angola
  2. Benin
  3. Botswana
  4. Burkina Faso
  5. Burundi
  6. Cameroon
  7. Cape Verde
  8. Central African Rep.
  9. Chad
  10. Comoros
  11. Congo, Dem. Rep.
  12. Congo, Rep.
  1. Côte d'Ivoire
  2. Djibouti
  3. Eritrea
  4. Eswatini, Kingdom of
  5. Ethiopia
  6. Gabon
  7. Gambia
  8. Ghana
  9. Guinea
  10. Guinea Equatorial
  11. Guinea-Bissau
  12. Kenya
  1. Lesotho
  2. Liberia
  3. Madagascar
  4. Malawi
  5. Mali
  6. Mauritania
  7. Mauritius
  8. Mozambique
  9. Namibia
  10. Niger
  11. Nigeria
  12. Rwanda
  1. São Tomé and Príncipe
  2. Senegal
  3. Sierra Leone
  4. Somalia
  5. South Sudan
  6. Sudan
  7. Tanzania
  8. Togo
  9. Uganda
  10. Zambia
  11. Zimbabwe
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